Due to the growing world population, the improvement of crop quality from existing agricultural land is an important challenge today. The goal of precision farming is to accomplish a sustainable balance of quantitative and qualitative crop production. Precision farming can contribute to reducing the global food insecurity by providing farmers the possibility to create the necessary information to improve the decision making and farm management. The creation of field-level information can support farmers to improve their crop production and attract long-term investment. The more detailed and exact picture farmers have about their agricultural crop land (e.g., through remote sensing and GPS technologies), the better the decision as to where and when seed, fertiliser and other inputs can be applied. Through the optimal use of these inputs, farmers can use their crop land more effectively and efficiently and increase crop size and quality. Besides this, precision farming can be used to quantify which farming operations are sustainable and economically successful. In summary, precision farming aims to increase farmers’ income and crop yield while reducing the negative environmental impacts of farming.
In LEO a pre-operational prototype of a precision farming application is developed by heavily using linked open earth observation (EO) and geospatial data. The application shall support farmers in their management decisions when applying fertilizers on their fields.
For more information see the deliverables of WP5.